# Queues in an interactive random environment

### Working Groups: Chair Applied Analysis

### Collaborators (MAT): Dr.Â Sonja Otten

### Collaborators (External): Prof.Â Dr.Â Hans Daduna, Dr.Â Ruslan Krenzler, PD Dr.Â Karsten Kruse

## Description

We consider exponential single server queues with state-dependent arrival and service rates which evolve under influences of external environments. The transitions of the queues are influenced by the environmentÂ´s state and the movements of the environment depend on the status of the queues (bi-directional interaction). The environment is constructed in a way to encompass various models from the recent Operations Research literature, where a queue is coupled with an inventory or with reliability issues. With a Markovian joint queueing-environment process we prove separability for a large class of such interactive systems, i.e.Â the steady state distribution is of product form and explicitly given. The queue and the environment processes decouple asymptotically and in steady state. For non-separable systems we develop ergodicity and exponential ergodicity criteria via Lyapunov functions. By examples we explain principles for bounding departure rates of served customers (throughputs) of non-separable systems by throughputs of related separable systems as upper and lower bound.

## References

[1] S. Otten. Integrated Models for Performance Analysis and Optimization of Queueing-Inventory-Systems in Logistic Networks. Phd thesis, UniversitÃ¤t Hamburg, 2018. Available at ediss.sub.hamburg.

[2] S. Otten, R. Krenzler, H. Daduna, K. Kruse. Queues in a random environment, 2023. arXiv:2006.15712 (to appear in Stochastic Systems).